{ "num_found": 1, "uuid": "b60539a3-870d-4da9-89ec-c32c44fdd0f4", "content": "30264dce-a3e5-4c0e-957e-e6fc3f41a364", "results": [ "\n\n\n大般若波羅蜜多經(第401卷-第600卷)\n\n\n
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大般若經第四會

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[*]西明寺沙門玄則撰

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若夫識之所識曷嘗非識如之所如未始不T07n0220_p0763a06是故能行與所行兼空則攝受之理廢T07n0220_p0763a07性與無性不異則執取之念忘若忘執而有T07n0220_p0763a08或存概以墮業知盛修而不行乃虛己而T07n0220_p0763a09制勝恐野馬之情未戢故靈鷲之談復敞T07n0220_p0763a10或曰其在名也每切有行之誡其於實也T07n0220_p0763a11警無行之怠塗致或爽折中奚歸竊應之曰T07n0220_p0763a12一切凡夫剖名相之符保癡愛之宅所以措T07n0220_p0763a13懷有著必違至真反此動寂斯會由此T07n0220_p0763a14言之行亦不行不行亦不行而宛然行矣T07n0220_p0763a15然不行矣以假名般若授假名菩薩是持幻T07n0220_p0763a16法與幻人故無作亦無得此又晨蜉之語歲T07n0220_p0763a17夢蝶之議覺乎慨斯取之未傾欣此教之方T07n0220_p0763a18凡二十九品一十八卷即舊小品》、《道行》。T07n0220_p0763a19道行》、《明度品之為言分也分有長短T07n0220_p0763a20有大品小品焉道行即分中之初品譯者取T07n0220_p0763a21以別經明度乃智度之異言即就總目為號T07n0220_p0763a22由殘缺未具故使名題亦差今大教克T07n0220_p0763a23鴻規允布心術之要可復道哉

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大般若波羅蜜多經卷第五百三T07n0220_p0763b03十八

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[*]三藏法師玄奘奉 詔譯

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第四分妙行品第一之一

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如是我聞

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一時薄伽梵住王舍城鷲峯山中T07n0220_p0763b08與大苾芻眾千二百五十人俱皆阿羅漢T07n0220_p0763b09漏已盡無復煩惱得真自在心善解脫慧善T07n0220_p0763b10解脫如調慧馬亦如大龍已作所作已辦所T07n0220_p0763b11棄諸重擔逮得己利盡諸有結正知解脫T07n0220_p0763b12至心自在第一究竟除阿難陀獨居學地T07n0220_p0763b13壽善現而為上首

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爾時佛告具壽善現:「汝以T07n0220_p0763b14辯才應為菩薩摩訶薩眾宣說開示甚深般T07n0220_p0763b15若波羅蜜多教授教誡諸菩薩摩訶薩令於T07n0220_p0763b16般若波羅蜜多速得究竟。」

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舍利子作是念T07n0220_p0763b17:「今者善現為以自力為諸菩薩摩訶薩眾T07n0220_p0763b18宣說開示甚深般若波羅蜜多為承如來威T07n0220_p0763b19神之力?」

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具壽善現承佛威神知舍利子心之T07n0220_p0763b20所念便告具壽舍利子言:「世尊弟子敢有宣T07n0220_p0763b21顯了開示皆承如來威神之力何以故T07n0220_p0763b22利子佛先為他宣說顯了開示法要彼依佛T07n0220_p0763b23教精勤修學乃至證得諸法實性後轉為他T07n0220_p0763b24有所宣說顯了開示若與法性能不相違T07n0220_p0763b25是如來威神加被亦是所證法性等流是故T07n0220_p0763b26我當為諸菩薩摩訶薩眾宣說開示甚深般T07n0220_p0763b27若波羅蜜多教授教誡令於般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0763b28速得究竟皆承佛力非自辯才能為斯事。」

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T07n0220_p0763b29善現便白佛言:「世尊令我為諸菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0763c01薩眾宣說開示甚深般若波羅蜜多教授教T07n0220_p0763c02誡諸菩薩摩訶薩令於般若波羅蜜多速得T07n0220_p0763c03究竟世尊所言諸菩薩者何法增語謂為T07n0220_p0763c04菩薩世尊我不見有法可名菩薩摩訶薩者T07n0220_p0763c05亦不見有法可名般若波羅蜜多世尊我於T07n0220_p0763c06菩薩及菩薩法不見不得亦復不見不得般T07n0220_p0763c07若波羅蜜多云何令我為諸菩薩摩訶薩眾T07n0220_p0763c08宣說開示甚深般若波羅蜜多世尊我以何T07n0220_p0763c09等甚深般若波羅蜜多教授教誡何等菩薩T07n0220_p0763c10摩訶薩眾令於般若波羅蜜多速得究竟T07n0220_p0763c11若菩薩摩訶薩聞如是語心不沈沒亦無T07n0220_p0763c12退屈不驚不怖如深般若波羅蜜多所說而T07n0220_p0763c13修行般若波羅蜜多令得究竟當知即是T07n0220_p0763c14教授教誡諸菩薩摩訶薩令於般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0763c15多速得究竟亦名為彼宣說開示甚深般若波T07n0220_p0763c16羅蜜多

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復次世尊若菩薩摩訶薩修行般若T07n0220_p0763c17波羅蜜多應如是學謂不執著大菩提心T07n0220_p0763c18以者何心非心性本性淨故。」

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舍利子問善T07n0220_p0763c19現言:「為有非心心之性不?」

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善現反問舍利子T07n0220_p0763c20:「非心心性若有若無為可得不?」

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舍利子言T07n0220_p0763c21不也善現!」

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善現便謂舍利子言:「非心心性若T07n0220_p0763c22有若無既不可得如何可問為有非心心之T07n0220_p0763c23性不?」

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舍利子問善現言:「何等名為心非心T07n0220_p0763c24?」

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善現答言:「若無變壞亦無分別是則名為T07n0220_p0763c25心非心性。」

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舍利子讚善現言:「善哉善哉T07n0220_p0763c26如所說佛說仁者住無諍定最為第一實如T07n0220_p0763c27聖言若菩薩摩訶薩聞如是語心不沈沒亦T07n0220_p0763c28無退屈不驚不怖當知已於所求無上正等T07n0220_p0763c29得不退轉若菩薩摩訶薩如是觀察心T07n0220_p0764a01非心性當知不離甚深般若波羅蜜多若善T07n0220_p0764a02男子善女人等欲勤修學諸聲聞地若獨覺T07n0220_p0764a03若菩薩地皆應於此甚深般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0764a04至心聽聞受持讀誦精勤修學方便善巧令T07n0220_p0764a05所修行速得究竟所以者何於此般若波羅T07n0220_p0764a06蜜多甚深經中廣說一切所應學法若菩薩T07n0220_p0764a07摩訶薩勤求無上正等菩提欲正修行諸菩薩T07n0220_p0764a08欲具成就方便善巧及諸佛法皆應於此T07n0220_p0764a09甚深般若波羅蜜多至心聽聞受持讀誦T07n0220_p0764a10善通利如說修行所以者何於此般若波羅T07n0220_p0764a11蜜多甚深經中廣說一切諸菩薩摩訶薩所T07n0220_p0764a12應學法若菩薩摩訶薩能於此中精勤修學T07n0220_p0764a13必得無上正等菩提一切所求無不滿足。」

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T07n0220_p0764a14具壽善現復白佛言:「世尊我觀菩薩但有T07n0220_p0764a15假名不知不得不見實事我觀般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0764a16多亦但有假名不知不得不見實事當為何T07n0220_p0764a17等菩薩摩訶薩宣說開示何等甚深般若波羅T07n0220_p0764a18蜜多教授教誡何等菩薩摩訶薩令於何等T07n0220_p0764a19般若波羅蜜多速得究竟世尊我觀菩薩及T07n0220_p0764a20深般若波羅蜜多但有假名不知不得不見實T07n0220_p0764a21而於其中說有菩薩及深般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0764a22便有疑悔世尊甚深般若波羅蜜多及菩薩T07n0220_p0764a23俱無決定亦無住處所以者何如是二名T07n0220_p0764a24俱無所有無所有法無定無住若菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0764a25薩聞說如是甚深般若波羅蜜多心不沈沒T07n0220_p0764a26退屈不驚不怖深心信解當知是菩薩T07n0220_p0764a27摩訶薩安住般若波羅蜜多常不遠離以無T07n0220_p0764a28所住而為方便安住菩薩不退轉地

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復次T07n0220_p0764a29諸菩薩摩訶薩修行般若波羅蜜多不應T07n0220_p0764b01住色亦不應住受所以者何若住於T07n0220_p0764b02便作色行非行般若波羅蜜多若住受T07n0220_p0764b03便作受識行非行般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0764b04所以者何非作行者能攝般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0764b05攝般若波羅蜜多則於般若波羅蜜多不能T07n0220_p0764b06修習若於般若波羅蜜多不能修習則於般T07n0220_p0764b07若波羅蜜多不能圓滿若於般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0764b08不能圓滿便不能得一切智智若不能得一T07n0220_p0764b09切智智便不能攝所攝有情是故不應攝受T07n0220_p0764b10諸色所以者何色於般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0764b11多不可攝受識於般若波羅蜜多亦T07n0220_p0764b12不可攝受色不可攝受故則非色T07n0220_p0764b13亦不可攝受故則非受甚深般若波T07n0220_p0764b14羅蜜多亦不可攝受故便非般若波羅蜜多

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諸菩薩摩訶薩應行如是甚深般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0764b16若行如是甚深般若波羅蜜多是名菩薩T07n0220_p0764b17於一切法無攝受定廣大無對無量決定不T07n0220_p0764b18共一切聲聞獨覺亦不攝受一切智智所以T07n0220_p0764b19者何是一切智智非取相修得諸取相者皆T07n0220_p0764b20是煩惱若取相修得一切智智者則勝軍梵T07n0220_p0764b21志於一切智智不應信解是勝軍梵志雖T07n0220_p0764b22由信解力歸趣佛法名隨信行而能以少分T07n0220_p0764b23智觀一切法性空悟入一切智智既悟入T07n0220_p0764b24已不取色相亦不取受識相非以喜樂T07n0220_p0764b25觀見此智不以內色識觀見此智T07n0220_p0764b26以外色識觀見此智亦不以內外色T07n0220_p0764b27識觀見此智亦不離色識觀T07n0220_p0764b28見此智勝軍梵志以如是等諸離相門於一T07n0220_p0764c01切智智深生信解於一切法皆無取著如是T07n0220_p0764c02梵志以離相門於一切智智得信解已於一T07n0220_p0764c03切法皆不取相亦不思惟無相諸法如是梵T07n0220_p0764c04志由勝解力於一切法不取不捨無得無證T07n0220_p0764c05彼梵志於自信解乃至涅槃亦不取著T07n0220_p0764c06真法性為定量故

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世尊是菩薩摩訶薩甚深T07n0220_p0764c07般若波羅蜜多當知於色識亦不攝T07n0220_p0764c08雖於諸法無所攝受若未圓滿如來十力T07n0220_p0764c09四無所畏四無礙解及十八佛不共法等T07n0220_p0764c10不中道而般涅槃當知如是諸菩薩摩訶薩T07n0220_p0764c11甚深般若波羅蜜多雖無取著而能成辦諸T07n0220_p0764c12勝事業

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復次世尊諸菩薩摩訶薩修行般若T07n0220_p0764c13波羅蜜多時應如是觀察何等是般若波羅T07n0220_p0764c14蜜多何故名般若波羅蜜多如是般若波羅T07n0220_p0764c15蜜多為何所作世尊是菩薩摩訶薩修行般T07n0220_p0764c16若波羅蜜多時應如是觀察若法無所有T07n0220_p0764c17可得是為般若波羅蜜多無所有中何所徵T07n0220_p0764c18世尊若菩薩摩訶薩於如是事審觀察時T07n0220_p0764c19心不沈沒亦無退屈不驚不怖當知不離甚T07n0220_p0764c20深般若波羅蜜多。」

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舍利子問善現言:「若色T07n0220_p0764c21離色自性識離受識自性般若T07n0220_p0764c22波羅蜜多離般若波羅蜜多自性一切智智T07n0220_p0764c23離一切智智自性何緣故知諸菩薩摩訶薩T07n0220_p0764c24不離般若波羅蜜多?」

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善現答言:「如是如是T07n0220_p0764c25利子諸色離色自性識離受T07n0220_p0764c26自性般若波羅蜜多離般若波羅蜜多自性T07n0220_p0764c27一切智智離一切智智自性般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0764c28亦離自相般若波羅蜜多自性亦離自T07n0220_p0764c29相亦離自性自性亦離相相亦離相自性T07n0220_p0765a01亦離自性能相亦離所相所相亦離能相T07n0220_p0765a02相亦離能相所相亦離所相若菩薩摩訶薩T07n0220_p0765a03能如實知如是義者常不遠離甚深般若波羅T07n0220_p0765a04蜜多。」

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舍利子問善現言:「若菩薩摩訶薩於T07n0220_p0765a05此中學速能成辦一切智智耶?」

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善現答言:「T07n0220_p0765a06如是舍利子若菩薩摩訶薩於此中學T07n0220_p0765a07能成辦一切智智何以故舍利子是菩薩摩T07n0220_p0765a08訶薩知一切法無生舍利子若菩薩摩T07n0220_p0765a09訶薩能如是行甚深般若波羅蜜多則為隣T07n0220_p0765a10近一切智智

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復次舍利子諸菩薩摩訶薩若T07n0220_p0765a11行色為行相若行色相為行相若行色無相T07n0220_p0765a12相為行相若行色生為行相若行色滅為行T07n0220_p0765a13若行色壞為行相若行色空為行相若謂T07n0220_p0765a14我能行為行相若謂我是菩薩能有所行為T07n0220_p0765a15行相若謂我是菩薩能有所得為行相若行T07n0220_p0765a16識為行相若行受識相為行相T07n0220_p0765a17若行受識無相相為行相若行受T07n0220_p0765a18識生為行相若行受識滅為行相若行T07n0220_p0765a19識壞為行相若行受識空為行T07n0220_p0765a20若謂我能行為行相若謂我是菩薩能有T07n0220_p0765a21所行為行相若謂我是菩薩能有所得為行T07n0220_p0765a22若作是念:『若能如是行是修行般若波羅T07n0220_p0765a23蜜多。』亦為行相當知是菩薩無方便善巧T07n0220_p0765a24有所行非行般若波羅蜜多。」

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舍利子問善T07n0220_p0765a25現言:「諸菩薩摩訶薩當云何行名行般若波T07n0220_p0765a26羅蜜多?」

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善現答言:「諸菩薩摩訶薩若不行色T07n0220_p0765a27不行色相不行色無相相不行色生不行色T07n0220_p0765a28不行色壞不行色空是行般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0765a29諸菩薩摩訶薩若不行受不行受T07n0220_p0765b01識相不行受識無相相不行受T07n0220_p0765b02識生不行受識滅不行受T07n0220_p0765b03不行受識空是行般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0765b04菩薩摩訶薩不取行不取不行不取亦行亦T07n0220_p0765b05不行不取非行非不行是行般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0765b06何以故舍利子以一切法皆不可取T07n0220_p0765b07可隨行不可執受離性相故如是名為諸菩T07n0220_p0765b08薩摩訶薩於一切法無取執定廣大無對無T07n0220_p0765b09決定不共一切聲聞獨覺若菩薩摩訶薩T07n0220_p0765b10安住此定速證無上正等菩提。」

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具壽善現T07n0220_p0765b11承佛神力復語大德舍利子言:「若菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0765b12薩安住此定當知已為過去如來正等覺T07n0220_p0765b13現前授記是菩薩摩訶薩雖住此定而不T07n0220_p0765b14見此定亦不著此定名亦不念言:『我於此T07n0220_p0765b15定已當入。』亦不念言:『唯我能入此定非餘T07n0220_p0765b16。』如是等尋思分別由此定力一切不起。」

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T07n0220_p0765b17舍利子問善現言:「若菩薩摩訶薩由住此定T07n0220_p0765b18已為過去諸佛世尊現前授記是菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0765b19薩為能顯示如是定不?」

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善現答言:「不也舍利T07n0220_p0765b20何以故是善男子於如是定無解無想。」

\nT07n0220_p0765b21

舍利子言:「具壽說彼諸善男子於如是定無T07n0220_p0765b22解想耶?」

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善現報言:「我定說彼諸善男子於如T07n0220_p0765b23是定無解無想所以者何如是諸定無所有T07n0220_p0765b24彼善男子於如是定無解無想如是諸定T07n0220_p0765b25於一切法亦無解想所以者何以一切法無T07n0220_p0765b26所有故。」

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薄伽梵讚善現言:「善哉善哉如汝T07n0220_p0765b27所說故我說汝住無諍定最為第一汝承如T07n0220_p0765b28來神力加被能作是說善現諸菩薩摩T07n0220_p0765b29訶薩欲學般若波羅蜜多應如是學所以者T07n0220_p0765c01若菩薩摩訶薩能如是學乃名真學甚深T07n0220_p0765c02般若波羅蜜多。」

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舍利子便白佛言:「若菩薩T07n0220_p0765c03摩訶薩能如是學於深般若波羅蜜多名真T07n0220_p0765c04學耶?」

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佛告舍利子:「若菩薩摩訶薩能如是學T07n0220_p0765c05於深般若波羅蜜多名為真學以無所得為T07n0220_p0765c06方便故。」

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舍利子復白佛言:「若菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0765c07薩能如是學以無所得為方便耶?」

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佛告舍利T07n0220_p0765c08:「若菩薩摩訶薩如是學時於一切法以無T07n0220_p0765c09所得而為方便。」

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舍利子復白佛言:「諸菩薩T07n0220_p0765c10摩訶薩如是學時於何法學?」

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佛告舍利子:「T07n0220_p0765c11菩薩摩訶薩如是學時非於法學何以故T07n0220_p0765c12利子如諸愚夫異生所執非一切法如是有T07n0220_p0765c13。」

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舍利子復白佛言:「若爾諸法如何而有?」T07n0220_p0765c14佛告舍利子:「如無所有如是而有若於如是T07n0220_p0765c15無所有法不能了達說名無明愚夫異生T07n0220_p0765c16一切法無所有性無明貪愛增上勢力分別T07n0220_p0765c17執著斷常二邊由此不知不見諸法無所有T07n0220_p0765c18性分別諸法由分別故便生執著由執著故T07n0220_p0765c19分別諸法無所有性由此於法不見不知T07n0220_p0765c20於諸法不見不知分別過去未來現在由分T07n0220_p0765c21別故貪著名色著名色故分別執著無所有T07n0220_p0765c22於無所有法分別執著故於如實道不知T07n0220_p0765c23不見不能出離三界生死不信諦法不覺實T07n0220_p0765c24是故墮在愚夫數中由斯菩薩摩訶薩眾T07n0220_p0765c25於法性相都無執著。」

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舍利子復白佛言:「T07n0220_p0765c26菩薩摩訶薩如是學時豈亦不學一切智智?」

\nT07n0220_p0765c27

佛告舍利子:「諸菩薩摩訶薩如是學時亦不T07n0220_p0765c28求學一切智智然諸菩薩摩訶薩如是學時T07n0220_p0765c29雖無所學而名真學一切智智便能隣近一T07n0220_p0766a01切智智速能成一切智智。」

\nT07n0220_p0766a02

爾時善現便白佛言:「設有人來作如是問:『T07n0220_p0766a03幻化者若有修學一切智智彼能隣近一切T07n0220_p0766a04智智及能速成一切智智不?』我得此問當T07n0220_p0766a05云何答?」

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佛告善現:「我還問汝隨汝意答於意T07n0220_p0766a06云何幻化與色為有異不幻化與受T07n0220_p0766a07為有異不?」

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善現答言:「幻化不異色色不異幻T07n0220_p0766a08幻化即是色色即是幻化幻化不異受T07n0220_p0766a09識不異幻化幻化即是受T07n0220_p0766a10識即是幻化。」

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佛告善現:「於意云何T07n0220_p0766a11五取蘊中起想等想施設言說假名菩薩摩T07n0220_p0766a12訶薩不?」

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善現對曰:「如是世尊!」

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佛告善現:「諸菩T07n0220_p0766a13薩摩訶薩求趣無上正等菩提修學般若波T07n0220_p0766a14羅蜜多一切皆如幻化者學何以故幻化即T07n0220_p0766a15是五取蘊故所以者何我說五蘊眼等六根T07n0220_p0766a16皆如幻化都非實有。」

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具壽善現復白佛言:「T07n0220_p0766a17菩薩摩訶薩新學大乘聞如是說其心將無T07n0220_p0766a18驚怖退屈?」

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佛告善現:「若菩薩摩訶薩新學大T07n0220_p0766a19親近惡友聞如是說心便驚怖則生退屈T07n0220_p0766a20若近善友雖聞此說而不驚怖亦無退屈。」

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T07n0220_p0766a21壽善現復白佛言:「何等名為菩薩惡友?」

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佛告T07n0220_p0766a22善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩惡友者謂若教授教誡T07n0220_p0766a23菩薩摩訶薩眾令離布施乃至般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0766a24令離所求一切智智令學取相世俗書典T07n0220_p0766a25令學聲聞覺經法又不為說魔事魔過T07n0220_p0766a26所修學不能成如是名為菩薩惡友。」

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具壽T07n0220_p0766a27善現復白佛言:「何等名為菩薩善友?」

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佛告善T07n0220_p0766a28:「諸菩薩摩訶薩善友者謂若教授教誡菩T07n0220_p0766a29薩摩訶薩眾令學布施乃至般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0766b01令學所求一切智智令離取相世俗書典T07n0220_p0766b02離聲聞獨覺經法為說種種魔事令其T07n0220_p0766b03覺知方便棄捨令所修學疾得成如是名T07n0220_p0766b04為趣大乘道大誓莊嚴菩薩善友。」

\nT07n0220_p0766b05

具壽善現復白佛言:「所說菩薩摩訶薩者T07n0220_p0766b06等名為菩薩句義?」

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佛告善現:「學一切法無著T07n0220_p0766b07無礙覺一切法無著無礙求證無上正等菩T07n0220_p0766b08提饒益有情是菩薩義。」

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具壽善現復白佛言T07n0220_p0766b09菩薩何緣名摩訶薩?」

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佛告善現:「以諸菩薩於T07n0220_p0766b10大有情眾中當為上首故復名摩訶薩。」

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T07n0220_p0766b11利子便白佛言:「我以辯才樂說菩薩由此義T07n0220_p0766b12故名摩訶薩唯願聽許!」

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佛告舍利子:「今正是T07n0220_p0766b13隨汝意說。」

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舍利子言:「以諸菩薩方便善巧T07n0220_p0766b14為諸有情宣說法要令斷我見有情見命者T07n0220_p0766b15補特伽羅見有見斷見常見薩迦耶T07n0220_p0766b16見及餘種種有所執見依如是義名摩訶薩。」

\nT07n0220_p0766b17

爾時善現便白佛言:「我以辯才樂說菩薩由T07n0220_p0766b18此義故名摩訶薩唯願聽許!」

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佛告善現:「今正T07n0220_p0766b19是時隨汝意說。」

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善現白言:「以諸菩薩為欲證T07n0220_p0766b20得一切智智發菩提心及無漏心無等等心T07n0220_p0766b21共聲聞獨覺等心於如是心亦不執著依如T07n0220_p0766b22是義名摩訶薩所以者何以一切智智是真T07n0220_p0766b23無漏不墮三界求一切智智心亦是真無漏T07n0220_p0766b24不墮三界於如是心不應執著是故菩薩名T07n0220_p0766b25摩訶薩。」

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舍利子問善現言:「何因緣故於如T07n0220_p0766b26是心亦不執著?」

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善現答言:「如是諸心無心性T07n0220_p0766b27故不應執著。」

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舍利子問善現言:「是心為有T07n0220_p0766b28非心性不?」

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善現反問舍利子言:「此非心性若T07n0220_p0766b29有若無為可得不?」

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舍利子言:「不也善現!」

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善現T07n0220_p0766c01報言:「此非心性若有若無既不可得如何T07n0220_p0766c02可問是心為有非心性不?」

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舍利子讚善現T07n0220_p0766c03:「善哉善哉如是如是佛說仁者住無諍定T07n0220_p0766c04最為第一實如聖言。」

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滿慈子便白佛言:「T07n0220_p0766c05以辯才樂說菩薩由此義故名摩訶薩唯願T07n0220_p0766c06聽許!」

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佛告滿慈子:「今正是時隨汝意說。」

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滿慈T07n0220_p0766c07子言:「以諸菩薩普為饒益一切有情被大功德T07n0220_p0766c08鎧故發趣大乘故乘大乘故名摩訶薩。」

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爾時T07n0220_p0766c09善現便白佛言:「如世尊說諸菩薩摩訶薩被T07n0220_p0766c10大功德鎧齊何當言諸菩薩摩訶薩被大功T07n0220_p0766c11德鎧?」

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佛告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩作如是念T07n0220_p0766c12應度脫無量無數無邊有情入無餘依般涅槃T07n0220_p0766c13雖度如是無量無數無邊有情入無餘依T07n0220_p0766c14般涅槃界而無有法及諸有情得涅槃者T07n0220_p0766c15以者何諸法法性應如是故譬如幻師或彼T07n0220_p0766c16弟子於四衢道化作大眾更相加害於意云T07n0220_p0766c17此中有實更相加害死傷事不?」

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善現對曰T07n0220_p0766c18不也世尊!」

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佛告善現:「諸菩薩摩訶薩亦復如T07n0220_p0766c19雖度如是無量無數無邊有情入無餘依T07n0220_p0766c20般涅槃界而無有法及諸有情得涅槃者T07n0220_p0766c21菩薩摩訶薩聞如是事不驚不怖亦無退屈T07n0220_p0766c22當知是菩薩摩訶薩被大功德鎧。」

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爾時善現T07n0220_p0766c23便白佛言:「如我解佛所說義者諸菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0766c24薩不被功德鎧當知是為被大功德鎧。」

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佛告T07n0220_p0766c25善現:「如是如是諸菩薩摩訶薩不被功德鎧T07n0220_p0766c26當知是為被大功德鎧所以者何一切智智無T07n0220_p0766c27造無作一切有情亦無造無作諸菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0766c28薩為欲饒益彼有情故被功德鎧。」

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具壽善現T07n0220_p0766c29復白佛言:「何因緣故一切智智無造無作T07n0220_p0767a01切有情亦無造無作諸菩薩摩訶薩為欲饒益T07n0220_p0767a02彼有情故被功德鎧?」

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佛告善現:「以諸作者不T07n0220_p0767a03可得故所以者何色非造非不造非作非不T07n0220_p0767a04識非造非不造非作非不作何以T07n0220_p0767a05色乃至識不可得故。」

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具壽善現便白佛言T07n0220_p0767a06如我解佛所說義者色乃至識無染無淨T07n0220_p0767a07以者何色無縛無解識亦無縛無解T07n0220_p0767a08色真如無縛無解識真如亦無縛無T07n0220_p0767a09。」

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滿慈子問善現言:「尊者說色無縛無解T07n0220_p0767a10說受識亦無縛無解說色真如無縛無T07n0220_p0767a11說受識真如亦無縛無解耶?」

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善現答T07n0220_p0767a12:「如是如是!」

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滿慈子言:「說何等色無縛無解T07n0220_p0767a13說何等受識亦無縛無解說何等色真T07n0220_p0767a14如無縛無解說何等受識真如亦無縛T07n0220_p0767a15無解耶?」

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善現答言:「我說如幻士色無縛無解T07n0220_p0767a16說如幻士受識亦無縛無解說如幻士T07n0220_p0767a17色真如無縛無解說如幻士受識真如T07n0220_p0767a18亦無縛無解所以者何色乃至識及彼真如T07n0220_p0767a19無所有故無縛無解遠離故無縛無解寂靜T07n0220_p0767a20故無縛無解無相故無縛無解無作故無縛T07n0220_p0767a21無解無生滅故無縛無解無染淨故無縛無T07n0220_p0767a22是名菩薩摩訶薩發趣大乘被功德鎧。」

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T07n0220_p0767a23滿慈子聞如是說歡喜信受然而住

\nT07n0220_p0767a24

爾時善現便白佛言:「諸菩薩摩訶薩發趣大T07n0220_p0767a25被功德鎧乘於大乘云何大乘齊何當言T07n0220_p0767a26發趣大乘如是大乘從何處出至何處住T07n0220_p0767a27是大乘為何所住誰復乘是大乘而出?」

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佛告T07n0220_p0767a28善現言:「大乘者即是無量無數增語無邊功T07n0220_p0767a29德共所成故

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汝次所問齊何當言發趣大乘?』T07n0220_p0767b01善現當知若菩薩摩訶薩勤行布施乃至T07n0220_p0767b02般若波羅蜜多從一菩薩地趣一菩薩地T07n0220_p0767b03此當言發趣大乘

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汝次所問如是大乘從何T07n0220_p0767b04處出至何處住?』善現當知如是大乘從三T07n0220_p0767b05界中出至一切智智中住然以無二為方便T07n0220_p0767b06故無出無住

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汝次所問如是大乘為何所住?』T07n0220_p0767b07善現當知如是大乘都無所住以一切法T07n0220_p0767b08皆無所住然此大乘住無所住

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汝後所問T07n0220_p0767b09復乘是大乘出?』善現當知都無乘是大乘T07n0220_p0767b10出者所以者何若所乘乘若能乘者由此T07n0220_p0767b11若處若時皆無所有都不可得以一切法T07n0220_p0767b12皆無所有不可得故於中何法乘何法出至T07n0220_p0767b13何處住而言乘者?」

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具壽善現復白佛言:「言大T07n0220_p0767b14大乘者普超一切世間天阿素洛等最T07n0220_p0767b15尊最勝如是大乘與虛空等譬如虛空普能T07n0220_p0767b16容受無量無數無邊有情大乘亦爾普能容受T07n0220_p0767b17無量無數無邊有情又如虛空無來無去T07n0220_p0767b18住可見大乘亦爾無來無去無住可見又如T07n0220_p0767b19虛空中際皆不可得大乘亦爾T07n0220_p0767b20際皆不可得如是大乘最尊最勝與虛空等T07n0220_p0767b21多所容受無動無住三世平等超過三世T07n0220_p0767b22名大乘。」

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佛告善現:「善哉善哉如是如是如汝T07n0220_p0767b23所說菩薩大乘具如是等無邊功德。」

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滿慈T07n0220_p0767b24子便白佛言:「世尊先教大德善現為諸菩薩T07n0220_p0767b25摩訶薩眾宣說開示甚深般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0767b26今何故乃說大乘?」

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爾時善現即白佛言:「我從T07n0220_p0767b27前來所說種種大乘之義將無違越所說般T07n0220_p0767b28若波羅蜜多。」

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佛告善現:「汝從前來所說種種T07n0220_p0767b29大乘之義皆順般若波羅蜜多無所違越T07n0220_p0767c01以者何一切善法無不攝入甚深般若波羅T07n0220_p0767c02蜜多。」

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具壽善現復白佛言:「諸菩薩摩訶薩前T07n0220_p0767c03際不可得後際不可得中際不可得所以者T07n0220_p0767c04色無邊故當知菩薩摩訶薩亦無邊T07n0220_p0767c05識無邊故當知菩薩摩訶薩亦無邊

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復次T07n0220_p0767c06世尊即色菩薩摩訶薩無所有不可得即受T07n0220_p0767c07菩薩摩訶薩無所有不可得離色T07n0220_p0767c08薩摩訶薩無所有不可得離受識菩薩T07n0220_p0767c09摩訶薩無所有不可得如是世尊我於此等T07n0220_p0767c10一切法以一切種一切處一切時求菩薩摩T07n0220_p0767c11訶薩都無所見竟不可得求深般若波羅蜜T07n0220_p0767c12多亦都無所見竟不可得求一切智智亦都T07n0220_p0767c13無所見竟不可得云何令我教授教誡諸菩T07n0220_p0767c14薩摩訶薩令於般若波羅蜜多速得究竟T07n0220_p0767c15疾證得一切智智

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復次世尊諸菩薩摩訶薩T07n0220_p0767c16但有假名都無自性如說我等畢竟不生T07n0220_p0767c17有假名都無自性諸法亦爾畢竟不生但有T07n0220_p0767c18假名都無自性此中何等是色畢竟不生T07n0220_p0767c19畢竟不生則不名色何等是受識畢竟T07n0220_p0767c20不生若畢竟不生則不名受世尊T07n0220_p0767c21是菩薩摩訶薩不可得識是菩薩摩T07n0220_p0767c22訶薩不可得此不可得亦不可得我於如是T07n0220_p0767c23一切法以一切種一切處一切時求菩薩等T07n0220_p0767c24皆不可得當教何等法修何等法於何等處T07n0220_p0767c25證何等法

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復次世尊佛薄伽梵但有假名T07n0220_p0767c26一切菩薩但有假名甚深般若波羅蜜多但T07n0220_p0767c27有假名如說我等畢竟不生但有假名都T07n0220_p0767c28無自性諸法亦爾但有假名都無自性T07n0220_p0767c29等是色既不可取亦不可生何等是受T07n0220_p0768a01識既不可取亦不可生諸法自性既不可取T07n0220_p0768a02亦不可生若法無性亦不可生此無生法亦T07n0220_p0768a03不可生我豈能以畢竟不生般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0768a04教授教誡畢竟不生諸菩薩摩訶薩令得究T07n0220_p0768a05世尊離不生法無法可得亦無菩薩摩T07n0220_p0768a06訶薩能行無上正等菩提

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世尊若菩薩摩T07n0220_p0768a07訶薩聞如是說心不沈沒亦無退屈不驚T07n0220_p0768a08當知是菩薩摩訶薩能般若波羅蜜多T07n0220_p0768a09所以者何時菩薩摩訶薩行深般若波羅T07n0220_p0768a10蜜多觀察諸法是時菩薩摩訶薩於一切色T07n0220_p0768a11都無所得無受無取無住無著亦不施設為T07n0220_p0768a12於一切受識都無所得無受無取T07n0220_p0768a13無著亦不施設為受是菩薩摩訶T07n0220_p0768a14薩行深般若波羅蜜多時不見色亦不見受T07n0220_p0768a15所以者何以色性空無生無滅T07n0220_p0768a16識性空無生無滅

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世尊色無生無滅即非T07n0220_p0768a17識無生無滅即非受所以T07n0220_p0768a18者何色乃至識與無生無滅無二無二分T07n0220_p0768a19以故以無生無滅法非一非二非多非異T07n0220_p0768a20故色乃至識無生無滅即非色乃至識世尊T07n0220_p0768a21色無二即非色識無二即非受T07n0220_p0768a22世尊色入無二法數識入無二法T07n0220_p0768a23若說色即說無二法若說受識即說T07n0220_p0768a24無二法。」

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舍利子謂善現言:「如我領解仁所T07n0220_p0768a25說義有情等畢竟不生色乃至識畢竟不T07n0220_p0768a26諸佛菩薩畢竟不生若如是者何緣菩薩T07n0220_p0768a27摩訶薩為度無量無數有情修多百千難行T07n0220_p0768a28備受無量難忍大苦?」

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善現報言:「舍利T07n0220_p0768a29非我於彼無生法中許有菩薩摩訶薩為T07n0220_p0768b01度無量無數有情修多百千難行苦行備受T07n0220_p0768b02無量難忍大苦然諸菩薩摩訶薩雖為有情T07n0220_p0768b03修無量種難行苦行而於其中無苦行想T07n0220_p0768b04以者何若於苦行作苦行想終不能為無量T07n0220_p0768b05無數無邊有情作大饒益然諸菩薩摩訶薩T07n0220_p0768b06眾以無所得而為方便於諸苦行作樂行想T07n0220_p0768b07於難行行作易行想於諸有情作如父母T07n0220_p0768b08妻子及己身想為度彼故發起無上正等T07n0220_p0768b09覺心乃能為彼無量無數無邊有情作大饒T07n0220_p0768b10

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復次舍利子諸菩薩摩訶薩於一切有情T07n0220_p0768b11起如父母兄弟妻子己身想已作如是念:『T07n0220_p0768b12當度脫一切有情令離一切生死眾苦起多T07n0220_p0768b13百千難行苦行寧捨自身而不捨彼然於有T07n0220_p0768b14情苦及苦行不起有情苦苦行想。』復作是念T07n0220_p0768b15我當度脫一切有情令離無邊諸大苦蘊T07n0220_p0768b16使為彼斷截我身為百千分終不退屈然於T07n0220_p0768b17其中不起難行苦行之想。』

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復次舍利子諸菩T07n0220_p0768b18薩摩訶薩應作是念:『如我自性於一切法T07n0220_p0768b19一切種一切處時求不可得內外諸法亦復T07n0220_p0768b20如是都無所有皆不可得。』若住此想便不見T07n0220_p0768b21有難行苦行由此能為無量無數無邊有情T07n0220_p0768b22修多百千難行苦行作大饒益。」

\nT07n0220_p0768b23

大般若波羅蜜多經卷第五百三十八

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\n 寔【大】,實【明】\n第四分. Aṣṭasāhasrikā Prajñāpāramitā. [Nos. 224-228; cf. Nos. 220(5), 229]. [梵文對校 No. 228]\n提【大】,薩【明】\n無【大】,不【明】\n相【大】,性【明】\n滅【大】,成【宋】\n是【大】,來【明】\n辦【大】*,辨【宋】*\n獨【大】,緣【宋】【元】\n魔【大】,摩【明】\n修【大】,修行【宋】【元】【明】\n若【大】,〔-〕【宋】【元】【明】\n苦【大】,若【明】\n議【CB】【麗-CB】【磧-CB】,識【大】(cf. K04n0001_p0753b12; Q04_p0265a11)\n[-]【CB】【麗-CB】,有【大】(cf. K04n0001_p0758b10)\n默【CB】【麗-CB】,嘿【大】(cf. K04n0001_p0759b22)\n
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